What is Psychology?
Most commonly defined as "the science of mind and behaviour", Psychology has many domains and applications.
Consequently it is also very commonly misunderstood. There are two broad divisions in psychology. The first is the
empirical and scientific investigation of the human experience. The second refers to the application of the
knowledge that emanates from this pool of investigation. A registered psychologist will have experience of
both. Therefore when one engages a psychologist in a therapeutic sense they can be aware that this psychologist has
a grounding and schooling in the vast array of empirical research that inform this social science, in addition
to a solid understanding of both how this has informed the creation and modification of therapeutic strategies in
addition to a good experience in the practice of the various therapeutic strategies themselves.
From theory to therapy
The study and research of psychology therefore has informed the development of theory which in turn informs the
establishment of therapeutic frameworks. These therapeutic strategies are then in turn evaluated and modified
according to continued research in context, marrying these two complimentary aspects to the field of psychology,
leading to the development and practice of evidence based treatment and the continued provision of intervention
with outcomes consistant with that evidence base.
Of course crucial to this journey from theory to therapy is the actual practice; the practitioner. The
individual practitioners fidelity to the models of practice is crucial, and highly predictive of therapeutic
outcomes, placing a high level of responsability on the Psycholigist to, in essence, kow what they are doing and
essentially, get it right.
The practice of Psychology falls into a number of categories known as divisions (e.g. clinical,
counselling, forensic, occupational, organisational, etc.) and spans an array of settings (e.g. mental
health, sport, addiction, general health, the work place, private practice).